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Clostridium botulinum – zagrożenie epidemiologiczne dla zwierząt gospodarskich. Clostridium botulinum – epidemiological threat for farm animals

Tomasz Grenda, Magdalena Grabczak, Elżbieta Kukier, Magdalena Goldsztejn, Nina Kozieł, Krzysztof Kwiatek

Zakład Higieny Pasz, Państwowy Instytut Weterynaryjny – Państwowy Instytut Badawczy, Al. Partyzantów 57, 24-100 Puławy

s. 58-64

Summary. The aim of this study was characterization of anaerobic spore-forming bacilli from C. botulinum species. Botulinum toxins are considered as the most potent substances naturally occurred in the environment. Cattle and poultry are the most frequently affected species of animals by botulism. C. botulinum detection is very complicated because of lack of selective media for isolation of this pathogen. The mouse bioassay is considered as the „gold standard”  in laboratory practice until now. This test is specific, however time-consuming and ethically controversial as well. Immunological, chromatographic and molecular biology methods are used more frequently as an alternative methods. In this study, botulism of chosen farm animals and methods used in the laboratory diagnostics of this disease were described.

Key words: C. botulinum, botulism in animals, botulinum toxin

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